Could biomass slow the rate of global warming? It is already widely considered as a low-carbon alternative to fossil fuel, but how far can we go?
Since the industrial revolution, the increasing use of fossil fuels has released excess CO2 in the atmosphere, causing the well-known dramatic effects on the environment. What if we could remove some of this excess CO2?
Biomass is plant-based waste material e.g agricultural waste, wood pellets, but also paper and cardboard.
Plants growth represents a natural carbon capture process. They adsorb CO2 directly from the atmosphere and convert it to glucose, an incredible source of energy. Biomass can be treated to release this energy. One of the by-products is CO2, the same CO2 previously extracted by the plant from the atmosphere.
So, what happened if we could capture that CO2 and store it?
We might be able to reduce the net amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, therefore potentially achieving negative-emissions.
This lecture will explore the role of biomass with carbon capture in tackling environmental issues, the potential, the state of the art and, of course, the challenges.
Dr Elena Catalanotti, Post Doctoral Research Assistant (PDRA)
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